Homeland Security Fellowship Prepares Citizens for Emerging Threats
Kyle Farmbry (left), dean of the Graduate School; Ava Majlesi (second from the left), associate director of the Rutgers Institute for Emergency Preparedness and Homeland Security); and Tom O'Reilly (left row, second person from the top), executive director of the Rutgers Police Institute, gather with the Homeland Security fellows at the George Washington University Alumni House where the D.C. workshops were held.
Occupying four corners of a room, teams of analysts convened to deliberate and ultimately resolve the dilemma at hand – “Iraq maintains a small missile force and several developmental programs, including one involving an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) possibly intended to deliver biological warfare agents. United States Air Force intelligence believes the UAV’s primary role is reconnaissance.”
Time swiftly ticked away as each unit assigned probabilities to the likelihood Iraq had weapons of mass destruction (WMD) or a WMD program, based on available intelligence. With tight deadlines and incomplete information, the groups struggled to achieve consensus and make the appropriate assessments and recommendations to protect the United States.
This simulation placed participants in the role of intelligence analysts in the months leading up to the Iraq War, and served as a sobering lesson for the 18 student “analysts” participating in the Rutgers University–Newark (RU-N) Homeland Security Fellowship.
Created three years ago, the fellowship has developed into a collaborative effort among the Graduate School at RU-N, the Rutgers University Institute for Emergency Preparedness and Homeland Security (IEPHS), and the Rutgers School of Criminal Justice (RSCJ) to prepare a new group of individuals interested in current and future issues involving homeland security and intelligence.
“There is clearly a pressing need to get more people involved in the field of homeland security,” said Kyle Farmbry, dean of the Graduate School. “It’s a growing field, it’s a multifaceted field, and it cuts across everything from security from a national intelligence perspective to dealing with disasters, terrorism, and issues of general safety and security.”
For the first time, the 2015-2016 fellowship spans two semesters and includes a "National Security and Intelligence" course in the spring, taught by Ava Majlesi, associate director of the Institute for Emergency Preparedness and Homeland Security, and Dr. Andres Rengifo, associate professor and director of the MA Program at RSCJ. The fellowship is coordinated by Farmbry; John Cohen, an RSCJ professor and senior advisor at the Institute for Emergency Preparedness and Homeland Security; Phil Palin, former senior advisor to the Department of Homeland Security Office of Strategy, Policy, and Risk; and Tom O’Reilly, director of the Rutgers Police Institute. Fellows receive a $1,000 stipend and paid expenses for a workshop in Washington, D.C., where they have the opportunity to learn from top professionals in the field of homeland security. “The fellowship was definitely the networking opportunity that I was looking for,” said Danielle Stovall, a second-year graduate student at RSCJ.
Stovall said that during the two-day workshop in Washington, D.C., the fellows met with senior government officials, including AMTRAK Police Deputy Chief Neil Trugman, and agents from the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Federal Emergency Management Agency. These officials taught the students about international and domestic threats, including supply chain disruption and the exploitation of infrastructure. “[The workshop] really gave us the opportunity to hone in on what areas we would like to do research in, or where to transition our career field,” Stovall said.
Cohen, a former counterterrorism coordinator with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, lends his expertise as the primary coordinator for the workshop. A frequently sought-after media commentator on homeland security, Cohen’s insights have given the fellows heightened awareness as recent horrors like the mass shooting in San Bernardino, California, and the November 2015 Paris attacks become informative case studies.
Cohen emphasized the fellowship’s role as a critical educational supplement to traditional classroom experiences. “It’s one thing to learn about the current terrorist threat environment by reading newspapers and books,” he stated. “It’s another thing to be able to sit down with a senior FBI official who’s responsible for helping to implement our nation’s strategy in those areas and get his or her perspective regarding that same issue.”
Although the fellowship is still young, it is constantly evolving in response to the changing landscape of terrorism and emerging threats to national security.
“We weren’t talking about lone wolf attacks (terrorism committed by a single individual in support of a group) two, three years ago, so that’s been a growing area,” Farmbry noted. “Cybercrime has become more and more of a complex issue, so we’ve also been talking a lot more and a lot differently about that.”
The fellowship has also promped students like Kiermoni Allison to become more alert and engaged citizens. “I think now more than ever, the government needs our help,” said Allison, a second-year graduate student at the School of Public Affairs and Administration (SPAA).
Allison explained that the Department of Homeland Security keeps communities safe by building awareness among citizens, focusing on outreach in communities, developing partnerships, and reminding citizens to "see something, say something" so that they report suspicious activity.
For his research, Allison is examining public-private partnerships to determine how the government works with private companies like Twitter to shut down dangerous accounts. He is also determining how many people use anonymous tips to report perceived threats like an abandoned bag on a train, which could contain explosives or dangerous chemicals.
In addition to delving deeper into research and participating in the spring 2016 course, many of the fellows will begin internships related to homeland security, crediting the fellowship with giving them the experience and connections needed to increase their marketability in the current workforce.
Stovall is one such fellow, who recently accepted an appointment with the State of New Jersey Office of Homeland Security and Preparedness in the Analysis Bureau of the Intelligence Division. The internship is an exciting reward for her longstanding commitment to public service and protection, she said.
“Students have really appreciated the opportunity,” Farmbry said. “The fellowship has created great bonds among students who have similar interests who work across different disciplines, so that a student in [public administration] gets to meet a student in law, who gets to meet a student in global affairs, etc., and they all have this common interest around issues of homeland security, disaster preparedness and prevention, and the intelligence security world.”
"The WMD simulation highlighted many of the issues associated with producing intelligence products for policymakers," Majlesi said. "The student 'analysts' had to make tough choices with limited information, and they experienced firsthand how the work product of intelligence analysts can impact the quality of national security and foreign policy decisions."
Photo credit: Ava Majlesi
About the Graduate School and the Rutgers Institute for Emergency Preparedness and Homeland Security
The Graduate School–Newark is dedicated to the advancement of knowledge in an environment that encourages scholarly inquiry and intellectual growth. The school expects its graduate students to obtain a thorough understanding of their chosen academic disciplines and to acquire the analytical and creative skills required for original scholarship, research, and problem solving.
The Graduate School–Newark was established in December 1975. The Graduate School–Newark now offers master's programs in American studies, biology, business and science, chemistry, computational biology, creative writing, economics, English, environmental geology, environmental science, global affairs, history, jazz history and research, liberal studies, nursing, peace and conflict studies, applied physics, and political science. The school has Ph.D. programs in American studies, behavioral and neural sciences, biology, chemistry, criminal justice, environmental science, global affairs, management, mathematical sciences, nursing, applied physics, psychology, public administration, and urban systems.
The Rutgers Institute for Emergency Preparedness and Homeland Security (IEPHS) is a university-wide, multidisciplinary center of excellence, blending expertise and experience in the sciences and humanities from Newark, New Brunswick and Camden, and with federal, state, national and international partners in the public and private sectors, to address all aspects of emergency preparedness, disaster response and homeland security. IEPHS is a federally-designated Intelligence Community Center for Academic Excellence.